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Issue 1, 2003
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Application of a compact all solid-state laser system to the in situ detection of atmospheric OH, HO2, NO and IO by laser-induced fluorescence

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Abstract

A tuneable, high pulse-repetition-frequency, solid state Nd:YAG pumped titanium sapphire laser capable of generating radiation for the detection of OH, HO2, NO and IO radicals in the atmosphere by laser induced fluorescence (LIF) has been developed. The integration of the laser system operating at 308 nm into a field measurement apparatus for the simultaneous detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxy radicals is described, with detection limits of 3.1 × 105 molecule cm−3 (0.012 pptv in the boundary layer) and 2.6 × 106 molecule cm−3 (0.09 pptv) achieved for OH and HO2 respectively (30 s signal integration, 30 s background integration, signal-to-noise ratio = 1). The system has been field tested and offers several advantages over copper vapour laser pumped dye laser systems for the detection of atmospheric OH and HO2 radicals by LIF, with benefits of greater tuning range and ease of use coupled with reduced power consumption, instrument footprint and warm-up time. NO has been detected in the atmosphere at ∼ 1 ppbv by single photon LIF using the A 2Σ+ ← X 2Π1/2 (0,0) transition at 226 nm, with absolute concentrations in good agreement with simultaneous measurements made using a chemiluminescence analyser. With some improvements in performance, particularly with regard to laser power, the theoretical detection limit for NO is projected to be ∼ 2 × 106 molecule cm−3 (0.08 pptv). Whilst operating at 445 nm, the laser system has been used to readily detect the IO radical in the laboratory, and although it is difficult to project the sensitivity in the field, an estimate of the detection limit is < 1 × 105 molecule cm−3 (< 0.004 pptv), well below previously measured atmospheric concentrations of IO.

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 sep. 2002, accepted on 08 nóv. 2002 and first published on 29 nóv. 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B208714F
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2003,5, 21-28
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    Application of a compact all solid-state laser system to the in situ detection of atmospheric OH, HO2, NO and IO by laser-induced fluorescence

    W. J. Bloss, T. J. Gravestock, D. E. Heard, T. Ingham, G. P. Johnson and J. D. Lee, J. Environ. Monit., 2003, 5, 21
    DOI: 10.1039/B208714F

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