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Themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts: Recent Review Articles

31 items
Open Access Perspective

An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals

This paper proposes a set of actions to increase the usability of research data in chemical assessments.

Graphical abstract: An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals
Open Access Perspective

In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling

Theoretical and statistical approaches to calculation of properties that determine the environmental fate and effects of substances are summarized, with emphasis on their integration into “in silico environmental chemical science”.

Graphical abstract: In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling
Perspective

History of EPI Suite™ and future perspectives on chemical property estimation in US Toxic Substances Control Act new chemical risk assessments

A discussion of the past developments, current practices, and future opportunities in QSAR modeling for new chemical risk assessments.

Graphical abstract: History of EPI Suite™ and future perspectives on chemical property estimation in US Toxic Substances Control Act new chemical risk assessments
Perspective

(Q)SARs to predict environmental toxicities: current status and future needs

An assessment of (Q)SARs to predict acute and chronic ecotoxicity.

Graphical abstract: (Q)SARs to predict environmental toxicities: current status and future needs
Perspective

Using reference materials to improve the quality of data generated by USEPA analytical methods

The quality of data generated for the analysis of environmental samples is critical to State and Federal regulatory agencies to ensure that decisions based upon the amounts of contaminants in environmental samples are truly protective of public health.

Graphical abstract: Using reference materials to improve the quality of data generated by USEPA analytical methods
Perspective

The origin and evolution of assessment criteria for persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) chemicals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs)

PBT and POP assessment criteria were developed from best science available from 1970 to 1990 and consensus-based policy discussions.

Graphical abstract: The origin and evolution of assessment criteria for persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) chemicals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Open Access Perspective

Environmental transmission of diarrheal pathogens in low and middle income countries

Globally more than half a million children die every year from diarrheal diseases. This Perspective suggests that reductions in diarrheal disease transmission in LMICs can be achieved by accounting for site-specific factors when designing environmental interventions. This is discussed in the context of the characteristics of the most important diarrheal diseases as well as environmental reservoirs.

Graphical abstract: Environmental transmission of diarrheal pathogens in low and middle income countries
Perspective

Framework for the assessment of interaction between CO2 geological storage and other sedimentary basin resources

Managing the interaction between carbon dioxide storage and other basin resources should focus on preventing potential conflicts and enhancing synergies.

Graphical abstract: Framework for the assessment of interaction between CO2 geological storage and other sedimentary basin resources
Perspective

Nano-plastics in the aquatic environment

Nano-sized plastics originate from direct release of nanoparticles or from degradation of discarded plastic and mainly enter the aquatic food chain through uptake by algae or herbivorous invertebrates, and then continue up the food web.

Graphical abstract: Nano-plastics in the aquatic environment
Open Access Frontier

A review of stereochemical implications in the generation of secondary organic aerosol from isoprene oxidation

The atmospheric reactions leading to the generation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) from the oxidation of isoprene are generally assumed to produce only racemic mixtures, but aspects of the chemical reactions suggest this may not be the case.

Graphical abstract: A review of stereochemical implications in the generation of secondary organic aerosol from isoprene oxidation
Tutorial Review

US residential building air exchange rates: new perspectives to improve decision making at vapor intrusion sites

Variations in building air exchange rates influence indoor air concentrations and vapor intrusion exposure risks.

Graphical abstract: US residential building air exchange rates: new perspectives to improve decision making at vapor intrusion sites
Critical Review

Airborne persistent toxic substances (PTSs) in China: occurrence and its implication associated with air pollution

In recent years, China suffered from extensive air pollution due to the rapidly expanding economic and industrial developments. Most studies on airborne PTSs have been conducted in east and south China, and severe contamination was generally observed in the BTH, YRD and PRD regions.

Graphical abstract: Airborne persistent toxic substances (PTSs) in China: occurrence and its implication associated with air pollution
Critical Review

Probing the interactions of organic molecules, nanomaterials, and microbes with solid surfaces using quartz crystal microbalances: methodology, advantages, and limitations

An understanding of the working principle, methodology, advantages and limitations of QCMs is important for their accurate use.

Graphical abstract: Probing the interactions of organic molecules, nanomaterials, and microbes with solid surfaces using quartz crystal microbalances: methodology, advantages, and limitations
Critical Review

A review of quantitative structure–property relationships for the fate of ionizable organic chemicals in water matrices and identification of knowledge gaps

QSPR prediction models for chemical fate and exposure are critically reviewed so that knowledge gaps may be filled in subsequent study.

Graphical abstract: A review of quantitative structure–property relationships for the fate of ionizable organic chemicals in water matrices and identification of knowledge gaps
Critical Review

Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs): a bioinformatics perspective

Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs) – a concept loosely based on quantitative structure–activity relationships (QSARs) for chemicals was proposed as a predictive tool for ranking risks due to microorganisms relevant to water safety.

Graphical abstract: Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs): a bioinformatics perspective
Open Access Critical Review

Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties

Excited triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (3CDOM*) play a major role among the reactive intermediates produced upon absorption of sunlight by surface waters.

Graphical abstract: Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties
From the themed collection: Natural Organic Matter
Critical Review

The biology of environmental stress: molecular biomarkers in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata)

This review describes our recent work on environmental stress in Sydney rock oysters, focusing on the identification of molecular biomarkers for ecotoxicological analysis.

Graphical abstract: The biology of environmental stress: molecular biomarkers in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata)
Critical Review

Review of chemical and electrokinetic remediation of PCBs contaminated soils and sediments

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are manmade organic compounds, and their pollution has been a global environmental problem due to their persistence, long-range atmospheric transport and bioaccumulation.

Graphical abstract: Review of chemical and electrokinetic remediation of PCBs contaminated soils and sediments
Critical Review

Hardwiring microbes via direct interspecies electron transfer: mechanisms and applications

Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) has important implications for the design and operation of biological treatment processes.

Graphical abstract: Hardwiring microbes via direct interspecies electron transfer: mechanisms and applications
Critical Review

Controls on metal exposure to aquatic organisms in urban streams

Streams in urban ecosystems receive metal inputs primarily from stormwater runoff and wastewater effluent.

Graphical abstract: Controls on metal exposure to aquatic organisms in urban streams
Critical Review

Pesticides in Brazilian freshwaters: a critical review

Brazil is the world's largest consumer of pesticides; however, pesticide occurrence data in freshwater are scarce.

Graphical abstract: Pesticides in Brazilian freshwaters: a critical review
Critical Review

Immobilized materials for removal of toxic metal ions from surface/groundwaters and aqueous waste streams

Immobilized materials can be potential remediation agents for the elimination of toxic metal ions from polluted streams.

Graphical abstract: Immobilized materials for removal of toxic metal ions from surface/groundwaters and aqueous waste streams
Critical Review

Biogeochemical transformations of mercury in solid waste landfills and pathways for release

This review summarizes pathways of mercury release from conventional landfills and describes biogeochemical conditions that can volatilize or mobilize this toxic metal from landfills.

Graphical abstract: Biogeochemical transformations of mercury in solid waste landfills and pathways for release
Critical Review

Fly ash in landfill top covers – a review

Increase of energy recovery from municipal solid waste by incineration results in the increased amounts of incineration residues, such as fly ash, that have to be taken care of.

Graphical abstract: Fly ash in landfill top covers – a review
Critical Review

Microplastics in coastal and marine environments of the western tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic Ocean

Microplastics interact with marine biota of the tropical western Atlantic Ocean causing chemical and physical harm from the individual to the population levels.

Graphical abstract: Microplastics in coastal and marine environments of the western tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic Ocean
Open Access Critical Review

Chromatographic methods for the isolation, separation and characterisation of dissolved organic matter

This review presents an overview of the separation techniques applied to the complex challenge of dissolved organic matter characterisation.

Graphical abstract: Chromatographic methods for the isolation, separation and characterisation of dissolved organic matter
From the themed collection: Natural Organic Matter
Critical Review

Application of mechanochemistry to metal recovery from second-hand resources: a technical overview

This work mainly discusses mechanochemistry as a promising method to recycle metal from second-hand resources, in order to meet the huge imbalance between metal demand and its reserve in nature.

Graphical abstract: Application of mechanochemistry to metal recovery from second-hand resources: a technical overview
Open Access Critical Review

Pathways for degradation of plastic polymers floating in the marine environment

Different factors can initiate degradation of plastic polymers floating in the marine environment.

Graphical abstract: Pathways for degradation of plastic polymers floating in the marine environment
Critical Review

Benthic plastic debris in marine and fresh water environments

Abundant plastic debris is becoming incorporated into the marine and freshwater benthic sedimentary record as a result of density modifications during production and while in the water column.

Graphical abstract: Benthic plastic debris in marine and fresh water environments
Critical Review

Oil spill problems and sustainable response strategies through new technologies

Crude oil and petroleum products are widespread water and soil pollutants resulting from marine and terrestrial spillages.

Graphical abstract: Oil spill problems and sustainable response strategies through new technologies
Critical Review

Properties of bacterial laccases and their application in bioremediation of industrial wastes

The bioremediation process of industrial waste can be made more efficient using ligninolytic laccase enzymes, which are obtained from fungi, bacteria, higher plants, insects, and also in lichen.

Graphical abstract: Properties of bacterial laccases and their application in bioremediation of industrial wastes
31 items

About this collection

In addition to high quality research papers, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts features topical review articles. Reviews will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.

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