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Issue 21, 2018
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Solvent-vapor-annealed A–D–A-type semicrystalline conjugated small molecules for flexible ambipolar field-effect transistors

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Abstract

This paper reports a series of acceptor–donor–acceptor (A–D–A)-type small molecules (named P3T4-VCN, P3T4-RCN, and P3T4-INCN) based on an oligothiophene–phenylene core with three different electron-accepting terminal groups—dicyanovinyl (VCN), cyano-rhodanine (RCN), and cyano-indanone (INCN), respectively—for application to flexible ambipolar organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Intrachain noncovalent coulombic interactions (via S–F and H–F interactions) were incorporated into the design of the P3T4 backbone to enhance the chain planarity. All the P3T4-based OFETs exhibited ambipolar behavior with hole-dominant transport, and the OFET performances were strongly dependent on the terminal groups. The P3T4-INCN OFET exhibited the highest carrier mobility owing to the extended π-conjugation via the INCN moiety, which enhanced the intermolecular cofacial π–π stacking and generated an efficient carrier pathway in the transistor channel. Room temperature solvent vapor annealing resulted in a dramatic increase in the carrier mobility of the OFETs without causing any damage to a polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) plastic substrate. The effects of both the terminal groups of the P3T4 small molecules and solvent vapor annealing were systematically investigated by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, two-dimensional grazing incidence X-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy. In addition, a flexible OFET array with solvent-vapor-annealed P3T4-INCN was successfully fabricated on a PEN substrate. These OFET devices exhibited a hole mobility of 0.15 cm2 V−1 s−1, an electron mobility of 0.05 cm2 V−1 s−1, an on–off current ratio of ∼105, and excellent mechanical stability even after 300 bending cycles.

Graphical abstract: Solvent-vapor-annealed A–D–A-type semicrystalline conjugated small molecules for flexible ambipolar field-effect transistors

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Apr 2018, accepted on 04 May 2018 and first published on 12 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01547C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 5698-5706
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    Solvent-vapor-annealed A–D–A-type semicrystalline conjugated small molecules for flexible ambipolar field-effect transistors

    M. J. Kim, Y. W. Lee, Y. Lee, H. Y. Woo and J. Ho Cho, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 5698
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01547C

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