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Elucidating the Key Role of Fluorine in Improving the Charge Mobility of Electron Acceptor for Non-fullerene Organic Solar Cells by Multiscale Simulations

Abstract

In the last decade, fluorination has been successfully applied to organic semiconductor materials, especially to donor or acceptor materials for non-fullerene organic solar cells (OSCs). Currently, the power conversion efficiency based on these fluorinated materials has exceeded that of the fullerene-based ones. As fluorination can down-shift the frontier molecular orbits, enhance inter/intramolecular interactions and reduce the Coulombic potential between holes and electrons. However, the key role of fluorine in improving the charge mobility of the electron acceptor has yet to be systematically investigated. Here, we comprehensively explore the intermolecular interactions and electron mobilities in the amorphous ITOIC and ITOIC-2F films by multiscale simulations. The simulations indicate that the electrostatically driven fluorine‒π (F–π) interaction can exhibit a key role in increasing the intermolecular interactions and reducing the distance between terminal groups of fluorinated material ITOIC-2F. This phenomenon ultimately increases the intermolecular transfer integral and leads to an increase in electron mobility. Our work suggests that adding fluorine to phenyl ring appropriate position can effectively inverse electrostatic potential and produce intermolecular F‒π interactions, which will be an effective way to improve the electron mobilities of fluorinated electron acceptors for non-fullerene OSCs

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Mar 2018, accepted on 05 Apr 2018 and first published on 10 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01315B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Elucidating the Key Role of Fluorine in Improving the Charge Mobility of Electron Acceptor for Non-fullerene Organic Solar Cells by Multiscale Simulations

    C. Yao, C. Peng, Y. Yang, L. Li, M. Bo and J. Wang, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01315B

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