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Issue 27, 2018
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Doped polyaniline-hybridized tungsten oxide nanocrystals as hole injection layers for efficient organic light-emitting diodes

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Abstract

Solution-processed tungsten oxide nanocrystals (WO3 NCs) hybridized with a conductive polymer, polyaniline:poly(styrene sulfonate) (PANI:PSS), are introduced as a hole injection layer (HIL) in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). These devices exhibited much higher current efficiency (CE) and power efficiency (PE) compared to regular devices without HILs and devices using pristine WO3 NCs as HILs. This enhanced device performance is mainly attributed to the facilitated hole injection due to the improvement in the energy level alignment at the interface between the ITO anode and the organic semiconductor layer. Besides, PANI:PSS can efficiently reduce surface defects and enhance the film-forming properties of WO3 NCs without affecting the device conductivity. These results suggest that PANI:PSS–WO3 could be a promising candidate for charge injection layers in optoelectronic devices.

Graphical abstract: Doped polyaniline-hybridized tungsten oxide nanocrystals as hole injection layers for efficient organic light-emitting diodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Feb 2018, accepted on 31 May 2018 and first published on 04 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01005F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 7242-7248
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    Doped polyaniline-hybridized tungsten oxide nanocrystals as hole injection layers for efficient organic light-emitting diodes

    W. Zhu, X. Chen, J. Chang, R. Yu, H. Li, D. Liang, X. Wu, Y. Wang and C. Lu, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 7242
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01005F

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