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Issue 16, 2018
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Power-efficient and solution-processed red phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes by choosing combinations of small molecular materials to form a well-dispersed exciplex co-host

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Abstract

Exciplexes consisting of a combination of hole-transporting and electron-transporting materials and exhibiting narrow HOMO–LUMO gaps and bipolar transport ability are promising host choices in solution-processed phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (s-PhOLEDs). However, till date, there have been just a few reports on power-efficient s-PhOLEDs that use such an exciplex host structure. Herein, we successfully fabricated ultralow driving-voltage and power-efficient red s-PhOLEDs with a common hole-transporting and electron-transporting material combination, i.e. m-MTDATA:OXD-7 as exciplex co-host and Ir(MDQ)2acac as red dopant. The resultant s-PhOLEDs achieve satisfactory overall electroluminescent (EL) performance, i.e., light turn-on voltage at 2.4 V, maximum luminance of 26 385 cd m−2, peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 15.5% and peak power efficiency (PE) of 36.9 lm W−1, respectively. However, a s-PhOLED using an exciplex-forming co-host couple of m-MTDATA:TmPyPB displays high turn-on voltage of 4.4 V and low EQE and PE of 9.4% and 10.1 lm W−1, respectively. The mechanism accounting for such an EL difference of s-PhOLEDs using m-MTDATA:OXD-7 or m-MTDATA:TmPyPB exciplex host were explored. It is found that the intrinsic incompatibility between m-MTDATA and TmPyPB does play a key role, which significantly deteriorates the bipolar charge transport capability of the solution-processed exciplex co-host matrix and consequently the EL performance of the resultant s-PhOLEDs.

Graphical abstract: Power-efficient and solution-processed red phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes by choosing combinations of small molecular materials to form a well-dispersed exciplex co-host

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Feb 2018, accepted on 19 Mar 2018 and first published on 20 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC00592C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 4409-4417
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    Power-efficient and solution-processed red phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes by choosing combinations of small molecular materials to form a well-dispersed exciplex co-host

    B. Yao, X. Lin, B. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Liu and Z. Xie, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 4409
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC00592C

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