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Issue 15, 2018
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Enhanced insulating and piezoelectric properties of 0.7BiFeO3–0.3BaTiO3 lead-free ceramics by optimizing calcination temperature: analysis of Bi3+ volatilization and phase structures

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Abstract

Herein, we report the significantly enhanced insulating and piezoelectric properties of a lead-free ceramic in a simple composition of 0.7BiFeO3–0.3BaTiO3 (0.7BF–0.3BT) without any addition of MnO2 or other dopants, which is derived by fine-tuning the calcination temperature (Tcal = 760 °C, 780 °C, 800 °C, 820 °C and 850 °C). All the calcined powders have a main perovskite phase with R3c symmetry and a small amount of Bi25FeO40 impurity, whose ceramics become a typical R3m and PC coexisting structure at 760 °C ≤ Tcal ≤ 820 °C, and a single PC phase at Tcal = 850 °C. Tcal is crucial to optimize the volatilization, density and phase structure including perovskite symmetry and impurity phase, thereby enhancing the insulating properties and piezoelectric properties. Benefitting from weak Bi3+ volatilization, low number of Image ID:c8tc00329g-t1.gif, a dense microstructure and appropriate CR/CPC ratio at Tcal = 800 °C, the enhanced insulating and piezoelectric properties of 0.7BF–0.3BT lead-free ceramics are achieved, whose d33 = 210 pC N−1, kp = 0.34, TC = 507 °C, Pr = 40.6 μC cm−2, and EC = 16.4 kV cm−1.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced insulating and piezoelectric properties of 0.7BiFeO3–0.3BaTiO3 lead-free ceramics by optimizing calcination temperature: analysis of Bi3+ volatilization and phase structures

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jan 2018, accepted on 04 Mar 2018 and first published on 06 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC00329G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 3982-3989
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    Enhanced insulating and piezoelectric properties of 0.7BiFeO3–0.3BaTiO3 lead-free ceramics by optimizing calcination temperature: analysis of Bi3+ volatilization and phase structures

    S. Cheng, B. Zhang, L. Zhao and K. Wang, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 3982
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC00329G

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