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Ultrahigh photosensitivity and detectivity of hydrogen-treated TiO2 nanorod array/SiO2/Si heterojunction broadband photodetectors and its mechanism

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Abstract

It is demonstrated that hydrogen treatment as a simple, effective strategy can greatly improve the broadband photo-responsive performance of pristine TiO2 nanorod arrays (NRAs)/SiO2/n-Si heterojunctions. The hydrogen-treated TiO2 NRAs/SiO2/n-Si heterojunction shows a stable, repeatable and broadband photo response from 365 nm to 980 nm at 100 μW cm−2. The responsivity (R) of H:TiO2 NRAs/SiO2/n-Si approaches the ultrahigh value of 468 A W−1 and it has an outstanding detectivity (D*) of 1.96 × 1014 cm Hz1/2 W−1 and an excellent sensitivity (S) of 2.63 × 107 cm2 W−1, in contrast to the values of R (10−6–10−1 A W−1) or S (2 × 103 cm2 W−1) from reported TiO2 nanofilm/TiO2 NRAs/n-Si(111) photodetectors, indicating a huge responsivity enhancement of up to 4–8 orders of magnitude. Additionally, the response and recovery time are extremely short (3.5–3.9 ms). The comprehensive characteristics make the device stand out among the previously reported 1D metal oxide nanostructure/Si based photodetectors. In fact, the R, S and D* values of the heterojunction are 2–4 orders of magnitude higher than those of some new 2D nanomaterials/Si based photodetectors. The excellent photo-responsive performance may be attributed to the energy band structure of the TiO2@TiO2−xHx core/shell structure, the interface effect of the TiO2@TiO2−xHx/Si heterojunction, etc. This research provides a new concept for the design of other metal oxide based heterojunction photodetectors.

Graphical abstract: Ultrahigh photosensitivity and detectivity of hydrogen-treated TiO2 nanorod array/SiO2/Si heterojunction broadband photodetectors and its mechanism

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Dec 2017, accepted on 31 Jan 2018 and first published on 31 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC05580C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Advance Article
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    Ultrahigh photosensitivity and detectivity of hydrogen-treated TiO2 nanorod array/SiO2/Si heterojunction broadband photodetectors and its mechanism

    C. C. Ling, T. C. Guo, W. B. Lu, X. F. Li, L. Zhu, M. Ma and Q. Z. Xue, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC05580C

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