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Issue 8, 2018
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Stimuli responsive AIE active positional isomers of phenanthroimidazole as non-doped emitters in OLEDs

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Abstract

The development of mechanochromic materials by incorporating aggregation induced emission (AIE) luminogens has gained momentum owing to their wide range of applications in optoelectronics. In this work, the authors contribute to the development of AIE active mechanochromic phenanthroimidazole derivatives. The positional isomers of phenanthroimidazoles 1 and 2 were designed to study the effect of the position of triphenylamine (TPA) and tetraphenylethylene (TPE) units on their AIE and mechanochromism. Phenanthroimidazoles 1 and 2 were synthesized using the Suzuki cross-coupling reaction of TPE boronate ester with iodo-phenanthroimidazole of TPA and bromo-phenanthroimidazole of TPA, respectively. The single crystal X-ray analysis of 1 reveals a propeller orientation of multiple phenyl rings of the TPA and TPE units, confirming strong AIE characteristics of 1 and 2. Phenanthroimidazoles 1 and 2 exhibit reversible mechanochromism between blue and green colours, which was studied using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). The PXRD studies suggest that a phase transition from a crystalline state to an amorphous state is associated with the colour change. Moreover, phenanthroimidazoles 1 and 2 worked efficiently as non-doped emitters based on the AIE character and provided a high external quantum efficiency of 2.8 and 4.0%, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Stimuli responsive AIE active positional isomers of phenanthroimidazole as non-doped emitters in OLEDs

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Nov 2017, accepted on 29 Jan 2018 and first published on 09 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC05450E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 2077-2087
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    Stimuli responsive AIE active positional isomers of phenanthroimidazole as non-doped emitters in OLEDs

    A. Ekbote, S. H. Han, T. Jadhav, S. M. Mobin, J. Y. Lee and R. Misra, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 2077
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC05450E

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