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Connecting two phenazines with a four-membered ring: the synthesis, properties and applications of cyclobuta[1,2-b:3,4-b′]diphenazines

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Abstract

Herein we report cyclobuta[1,2-b:3,4-b′]diphenazine (CBDP), a new π-electron molecular scaffold containing two phenazine moieties connected by a four-membered ring. With properly positioned silylethynyl substituting groups, CBDP offers a chromophore with a large molar extinction coefficient, a luminophore with a good quantum yield, and an n-type organic semiconductor with a field effect mobility as high as 0.30 cm2 V−1 s−1. These properties are not available in the phenazine reference compounds, but can be tuned by adjusting the substitution positions of the silylethynyl groups. On the basis of single crystal structures, UV-vis absorption and DFT calculations, it is concluded that the two phenazine subunits in CBDP are poorly conjugated in the ground state but strongly conjugated in the excited state, shedding light on the role of the four-membered ring in conjugation.

Graphical abstract: Connecting two phenazines with a four-membered ring: the synthesis, properties and applications of cyclobuta[1,2-b:3,4-b′]diphenazines

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Sep 2017, accepted on 12 Oct 2017 and first published on 12 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC04092J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Advance Article
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    Connecting two phenazines with a four-membered ring: the synthesis, properties and applications of cyclobuta[1,2-b:3,4-b′]diphenazines

    S. Yang, M. Chu and Q. Miao, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC04092J

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