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Issue 15, 2018
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Near infrared light triggered reactive oxygen species responsive nanoparticles for chemo-photodynamic combined therapy

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Abstract

Currently, the strategy of combining photodynamic therapy (PDT) and chemotherapy for enhancing cancer therapeutic efficiency has aroused extensive interest. Nonetheless, weaknesses such as low local concentration, uncontrollable release of the drug, a non-suitable treatment light source, and a low response to the tumor site of PDT lead to the combined treatment effect not being ideal. Herein, we proposed simple and intelligent ROS-responsive zinc phthalocyanine sensitized TiO2 nanoparticles which conjugated with chlorambucil (CBL) (mTiO2–BCBL@ZnPC NPs) in an attempt to solve these issues. Not only were the nanoparticles triggered in near infrared radiation (NIR) for PDT with various reactive oxygen species (ROS) being generated, but the nanoparticles also realized the controllable release of CBL by H2O2, a major kind of ROS, through cleavage of the phenylboronic ester between CBL and the nanoparticle. Impressively, the controllable release of CBL under NIR irradiation showed an on–off characteristic and time dependency. In addition, the well-defined mTiO2–BCBL@ZnPC NPs with a 30 nm average diameter showed good stability and biocompatibility. The in vitro cytotoxicity studies demonstrated that the mTiO2–BCBL@ZnPC NPs were more cytotoxic under NIR irradiation than the mTiO2@ZnPC NPs and CBL, while the mTiO2–BCBL@ZnPC NPs were less cytotoxic under dark conditions. The above results implied that photo-controlled drug release is a promising choice for cancer therapy due to its high selectivity, good safety and low side-effects, and would be expected to be used in chemo-photodynamic combined therapy for improving the therapeutic efficiency.

Graphical abstract: Near infrared light triggered reactive oxygen species responsive nanoparticles for chemo-photodynamic combined therapy

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Feb 2018, accepted on 12 Mar 2018 and first published on 14 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TB00308D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018,6, 2347-2357
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    Near infrared light triggered reactive oxygen species responsive nanoparticles for chemo-photodynamic combined therapy

    X. Zhang, B. Huang, Y. Shen, C. Yang, Z. Huang, Y. Huang, X. Xu, Y. Jiang, X. Sun, X. Li, M. Yan and C. Zhao, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018, 6, 2347
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TB00308D

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