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Issue 11, 2018
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Recent advances in biomolecule immobilization based on self-assembly: organic–inorganic hybrid nanoflowers and metal–organic frameworks as novel substrates

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Abstract

In the past few years, the immobilization of biomolecules on hybrid nanoflowers and metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) via self-assembly synthesis has received much attention due to its simplicity, high efficiency, and a bright prospect of enhancing the stability, activity and even selectivity of biomolecules compared to conventional immobilization methods. In the synthesis of organic–inorganic hybrid nanoflowers, biomolecules used as organic components are simply mixed with metal ions which act as inorganic components to form flower-like nanocomposites, while in the self-assembly process of encapsulating biomolecules in MOFs (biomolecule@MOF composites), the biomolecules just need to be added to the precursor mixtures of MOFs, in which the biomolecules are therefore embedded in MOF crystals with small pores. In this review, we focus on the recent advances of these composites, especially in the synthesis strategies, mechanism and applications in biosensors, biomedicine, pollutant disposal, and industrial biocatalysis, and future perspectives are discussed as well.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances in biomolecule immobilization based on self-assembly: organic–inorganic hybrid nanoflowers and metal–organic frameworks as novel substrates

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Dec 2017, accepted on 02 Feb 2018 and first published on 02 Feb 2018


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB03310A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018,6, 1581-1594
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    Recent advances in biomolecule immobilization based on self-assembly: organic–inorganic hybrid nanoflowers and metal–organic frameworks as novel substrates

    Z. Lei, C. Gao, L. Chen, Y. He, W. Ma and Z. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018, 6, 1581
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TB03310A

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