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Low-temperature solid-state growth of three-dimensional bicontinuous nanoporous graphene with tunable porosity for lithium-sulfur batteries

Abstract

In this work we developed a solid-state-growth approach for the synthesis of 3D interconnected bicontinuous nanoporous graphene (NPG) with the aid of nanoporous Ni templates at low temperatures (below 800 °C). The as-synthesized nanoporous graphene comprises both interconnected tubular pores and non-tubular pores. The layer thickness of NPG can be controlled from monolayer to multilayer. The porosity and tubular pore sizes of bicontinuous NPG could be adjustable from tens of nanometres to hundreds of nanometers by varying nanoporous Ni templates. Three types of NPG with average tubular pore size of 1000 nm, 160 nm, 50 nm were synthesized. NPG can also be made in the forms of powders up to macroscopic foams depending on the shape and size of the Ni templates. The specific surface area can reach 555 m2 g-1. By encapsulation of sulfur in the tubular pores, the NPG-sulfur composites exhibited superb electrochemical performances such as enhanced capacities and cyclic performances. The capacitive and cyclic performances presented great improvements with decreasing the tubular pore size from 1000 to 50 nm and increasing the pore volume.

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Apr 2018, accepted on 14 May 2018 and first published on 15 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA03488E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Low-temperature solid-state growth of three-dimensional bicontinuous nanoporous graphene with tunable porosity for lithium-sulfur batteries

    L. Lu, N. Schriever, J. Hosson and Y. T. Pei, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA03488E

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