Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Exploring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as an anolyte for nonaqueous redox flow batteries

Author affiliations

Abstract

Nonaqueous redox flow batteries (RFB) can potentially achieve high energy density due to the extended operating voltage windows and redox-active material candidates. However, the development of reversible anode materials with a low redox potential and high solubility is still one of the main challenges. Here, we systematically explore polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their corresponding radical anions (PAH˙n) as anode redox-active couples with a combination of experimental and computational methods. The results reveal that naphthalene and its radical anion (Nap/Nap˙) are a promising anode redox-active couple. Paired with catholytes separately containing ferrocenium hexafluorophosphate (FcPF6) and TEMPO, the resulting RFBs can provide theoretical maximum energy densities of 39 W h L−1 and 208 W h L−1, respectively, which are much higher than that of a traditional all-vanadium flow battery (25 W h L−1). As proofs of concept, both static-mode and flow-mode of the as-proposed RFBs are assembled and can deliver dozens of consecutive charge–discharge cycles.

Graphical abstract: Exploring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as an anolyte for nonaqueous redox flow batteries

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 09 Apr 2018, accepted on 08 Jun 2018 and first published on 11 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA03221A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
  •   Request permissions

    Exploring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as an anolyte for nonaqueous redox flow batteries

    G. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, D. Zheng, J. Harris, J. Xue and D. Qu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA03221A

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements