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Issue 24, 2018
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Rationally designed spider web-like trivanadium heptaoxide nanowires on carbon cloth as a new class of pseudocapacitive electrode for symmetric supercapacitors with high energy density and ultra-long cyclic stability

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Abstract

The design and construction of one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures on flexible electrodes without the use of polymer binders/conductive additives has shown great potential for engineering improved electrochemical properties in supercapacitors. Herein, a facile in situ hydrothermal technique was adopted for the growth of trivanadium heptaoxide nanowires on carbon fiber cloth (V3O7/CFC). The resultant V3O7 sample displayed the self-accumulated growth of nanowires on CFC after 48 h with a spider web-like morphology. The specially designed binder-free V3O7/CFC was used to fabricate a symmetric supercapacitor in aqueous 1 M Na2SO4 electrolyte, which showed excellent electrochemical performance. Specifically, in the half-cell configuration, the device exhibited a maximum specific capacitance (Csp) of 198 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 and in full-cell configuration, it showed a Csp of 151 F g−1 at the same current density with ultra-high cycling stability of ∼97% (after 100 000 cycles). In addition, the performance of the symmetric device in 1 M 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate electrolyte was studied and it showed a wide potential window of 2 V with a maximum Csp of 178 F g−1. Furthermore, the device exhibited high energy and power densities of 24.7 W h kg−1 (48.5 mW h cm−2) and 5.13 kW kg−1 (10.05 W cm−2), representing as a viable electrode in ionic liquid electrolyte.

Graphical abstract: Rationally designed spider web-like trivanadium heptaoxide nanowires on carbon cloth as a new class of pseudocapacitive electrode for symmetric supercapacitors with high energy density and ultra-long cyclic stability

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Apr 2018, accepted on 15 May 2018 and first published on 16 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA03011A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 11390-11404
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    Rationally designed spider web-like trivanadium heptaoxide nanowires on carbon cloth as a new class of pseudocapacitive electrode for symmetric supercapacitors with high energy density and ultra-long cyclic stability

    R. Manikandan, C. J. Raj, M. Rajesh, B. C. Kim, G. Nagaraju, W. Lee and K. H. Yu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 11390
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA03011A

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