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Heteroatomic TexS1−x molecule/C nanocomposites as stable cathode materials in carbonate-based electrolytes for lithium–chalcogen batteries

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Abstract

A stable cathode material in a conventional carbonate-based electrolyte for high-energy lithium–chalcogen batteries was successfully fabricated by homogeneously confining heteroatomic TexS1−x molecules into ordered mesoporous carbon CMK-3 via a facile melt-impregnation route. The Te–S bonds in the heteroatomic TexS1−x molecules endow them with higher intrinsic electrical conductivity and electrochemical reaction activity with Li than the homoatomic S8 molecules. Moreover, Te-containing polychalcogenide intermediates could induce the formation of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layers on the TexS1−x/CMK-3 surfaces in the carbonate-based electrolyte, which efficiently prevent polychalcogenides from the shuttle effect and side reactions with the carbonate solvent. With further assistance of mesopore confinement of CMK-3, the TexS1−x/CMK-3 composites can be reversibly charged and discharged in the carbonate-based electrolyte with long cycling stability and high rate capability. Therefore, the Te0.1S0.9/CMK-3 composite with an optimal Te/S mole ratio of 1/9 maintains high reversible capacities of 845 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles at 250 mA g−1 and 485 mA h g−1 after 500 cycles at 1 A g−1. These encouraging results suggest that the heteroatomic TexS1−x molecule/C composite could be a promising cathode material for long cycle life and high power density lithium batteries.

Graphical abstract: Heteroatomic TexS1−x molecule/C nanocomposites as stable cathode materials in carbonate-based electrolytes for lithium–chalcogen batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Mar 2018, accepted on 27 Apr 2018 and first published on 28 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA02751J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    Heteroatomic TexS1−x molecule/C nanocomposites as stable cathode materials in carbonate-based electrolytes for lithium–chalcogen batteries

    F. Sun, B. Zhang, H. Tang, Z. Yue, X. Li, C. Yin and L. Zhou, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA02751J

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