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Issue 25, 2018
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Novel two-dimensional semiconductor SnP3: high stability, tunable bandgaps and high carrier mobility explored using first-principles calculations

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Abstract

We propose a novel two-dimensional crystal based on layered bulk metallic SnP3 using first-principles calculations. The obtained low cleavage energy of monolayer and bilayer SnP3 implies the possibility of their exfoliation from layered bulk SnP3 experimentally. Monolayer and bilayer SnP3 are structurally stable with 0.72 eV and 1.02 eV indirect band gaps, respectively, at the HSE06 functional level. Tunable bandgaps can be achieved by strain engineering. With a compressive strain of 4%, the valence band maximum of bilayer SnP3 varies from the high symmetry point K to point Γ, resulting in transformation from an indirect to a direct semiconductor. Analogous to phosphorene, remarkably high carrier mobilities are predicted for monolayer SnP3, which is several times higher than that of monolayer GeP3. The hole mobilities of bilayer SnP3 can reach as high as 104 cm2 V−1 s−1. Moreover, an excellent absorption coefficient in the range of solar spectrum was predicted. These results qualify monolayer and bilayer SnP3 as promising novel 2D materials for applications in microelectronics, optoelectronics and field-effect transistors.

Graphical abstract: Novel two-dimensional semiconductor SnP3: high stability, tunable bandgaps and high carrier mobility explored using first-principles calculations

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Mar 2018, accepted on 15 May 2018 and first published on 17 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA02494D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 11890-11897
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    Novel two-dimensional semiconductor SnP3: high stability, tunable bandgaps and high carrier mobility explored using first-principles calculations

    S. Sun, F. Meng, H. Wang, H. Wang and Y. Ni, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 11890
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA02494D

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