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Bridge-type interface optimization on a dual-semiconductor heterostructure toward high performance overall water splitting

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Abstract

Interfacial carrier transportation is a key step in photocatalytic water splitting reaction. Herein, we fabricated a series of Cu2O@ZnCr-layered double hydroxide (LDH) photocatalysts with tunable interfacial properties, by precise regulation over a covalent-bonding-bridge structure at the heterointerface. The Cu2O@ZnCr-LDH photocatalyst with an optimized interface exhibits a stoichiometric production of H2 and O2 with a generation rate of 3.42 and 1.63 μmol h−1, respectively, without any sacrificial agents or co-catalysts. This activity is among the highest reported for photocatalysts under the same conditions. By using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and coincidence Doppler broadening positron annihilation spectroscopy (CDB-PAS), for the first time, we substantiated that a bridge-type bonding at the heterointerface strongly facilitates the interfacial transportation of photo-induced carriers via a Z-scheme route. This provides direct experimental evidence for carrier interfacial transportation, beyond previously reported theoretical predictions and simulations. It is expected that this modulation and optimization over the heterostructure interface can be extended to other dual-semiconductor photocatalysts with high performance.

Graphical abstract: Bridge-type interface optimization on a dual-semiconductor heterostructure toward high performance overall water splitting

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Mar 2018, accepted on 29 Mar 2018 and first published on 29 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA02001A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    Bridge-type interface optimization on a dual-semiconductor heterostructure toward high performance overall water splitting

    C. Wang, B. Ma, X. Cao, S. He, J. Han, M. Wei, D. G. Evans and X. Duan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA02001A

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