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Highly efficient quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells using polyethylene oxide (PEO) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based printable electrolytes

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Abstract

In this study, highly efficient printable electrolytes (PEs) were prepared for a quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell (QS-DSSC). A liquid electrolyte based on iodide/triiodide redox couples and 3-methoxypropionitrile (MPN) was utilized to prepare the PEs. Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) were employed as solidifying agents to optimize the properties of the PEs. Moreover, TiO2 nanofillers (NFs) were added to the PEs to enhance the performance of the DSSCs. The results indicate that a PE based on a PEO/PMMA ratio of 7/3 was optimal for efficient printing. The energy conversion efficiency of the DSSC achieved by using this PE was 8.48%, which was higher than the efficiencies of the cell using only PEO PE (7.63%) and liquid-cells (8.32%). This was mainly due to the increase in the electrolyte conductivity and charge transfer resistance at the photoelectrode/electrolyte interface of the DSSC. The presence of 10 wt% TiO2 NFs in the PEs increased the efficiency of the QS-DSSC to 9.12%. The sub-module cell fabricated by using the PE with TiO2 NFs achieved an efficiency of 6.78%. The PE based DSSC exhibited stable long-term efficiency during thermal aging at 60 °C.

Graphical abstract: Highly efficient quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells using polyethylene oxide (PEO) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based printable electrolytes

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Feb 2018, accepted on 26 Apr 2018 and first published on 26 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA01729H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    Highly efficient quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells using polyethylene oxide (PEO) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based printable electrolytes

    S. Venkatesan, I.-Ping Liu, J. Lin, M. Tsai, H. Teng and Y. Lee, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA01729H

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