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Issue 18, 2018
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Ultrafine nickel nanocatalyst-engineering of an organic layered double hydroxide towards a super-efficient fire-safe epoxy resin via interfacial catalysis

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Abstract

Aiming to impart epoxy resin (EP) with super-efficient fire safety, organically modified layered double hydroxide (LDH-DBS) nanosheets were surface-assembled by an ultrafine Ni(OH)2 nanocatalyst via circular coordination-induced growth. LDH-DBS@Ni(OH)2 was designed to exploit a spatial-dependent catalytic strategy to strengthen the interfacial structure between the LDH nanosheets and the EP matrix during a dynamic charring process. Adaquate characterization verified the successful preparation of LDH-DBS@Ni(OH)2, with Ni(OH)2 nanocrystals uniformly distributed on the LDH nanosheets. LDH-DBS@Ni(OH)2 presented better nano-dispersion in an EP matrix relative to LDH-DBS. The results illustrate that a mere 3 wt% of LDH-DBS@Ni(OH)2 imparted the EP matrix with a value of UL-94 V-0. The peak heat release rate and total smoke production at 200 s were reduced by 60.6% and 66.5%, respectively, upon the addition of 3 wt% LDH-DBS@Ni(OH)2, accompanied by tremendously suppressed CO production. In parallel, the thermal degradation analysis revealed that the interfacial growth of the Ni(OH)2 nanocatalyst resulted in a significant reduction in volatiles, including CO, and aliphatic and aromatic compounds. A further investigation of the mechanism by dynamic charring analysis revealed the remarkable contribution of interfacial-charring catalysis to the reinforcement of the intumescent char structure and fire safety. In perspective, the interfacial-catalytic assembly of nanomaterials without traditional fire-retardant elements opens up a novel window and scale-up prospects for the production of polymers with super-efficient fire safety properties.

Graphical abstract: Ultrafine nickel nanocatalyst-engineering of an organic layered double hydroxide towards a super-efficient fire-safe epoxy resin via interfacial catalysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jan 2018, accepted on 06 Apr 2018 and first published on 10 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00910D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 8488-8498
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    Ultrafine nickel nanocatalyst-engineering of an organic layered double hydroxide towards a super-efficient fire-safe epoxy resin via interfacial catalysis

    Z. Li, J. Zhang, F. Dufosse and D. Wang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 8488
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00910D

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