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Mechanical Energy Harvester Based on Cashmere Fibers

Abstract

Fabrication of flexible, lightweight and cost-effective mechanical energy harvester is a promising approach for next-generation wearable electronics. Herein, a triboelectric mechanical energy harvester based on cashmere fibers is developed for the first time using a facile fabrication process with polytetrafluoroethylene as the triboelectric counterpart. Surface properties of cashmere play a significant role in output performance. Remarkable power output can be achieved when subjected to Tween 20 treatment with open-circuit voltage of 19.5 V, which is 4.5 fold higher than that of the pristine fibers based harvestor. As H-bond donor, the lowered ionization potential of cashmere significantly increases its tendency to lose electrons during contact electrification. The trated cashmere based harvestor can reach an output power desnity of 41.7 mW m-2 at a load resistance of 14.1 MΩ. Additionally, the device displays good stability over a wide range of relative humidity. This study demonstrates a new approach for surface modification via mild solvent treatment. Successful demonstration as power source for light-emitting diodes shows potential application in self-powered wearable electronics.

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jan 2018, accepted on 04 Apr 2018 and first published on 04 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00909K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Mechanical Energy Harvester Based on Cashmere Fibers

    L. Wang, X. Yang and W. A. Daoud, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00909K

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