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Rational synthesis of Li4Ti5O12/N-C nanotube arrays as advanced high-rate electrodes for lithium-ion batteries

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Abstract

Tailored design/fabrication of high-rate electrodes is of great importance for construction of high-power lithium ion batteries (LIBs). In this work, we report a powerful strategy for fabrication of binder-free Li4Ti5O12/N-doped carbon (LTO/N-C) nanotube arrays via an atomic-layer-deposition (ALD)-lithiation plus chemical polymerization method. A thin N-C layer of 2–3 nm is homogeneously coated on the surface of LTO nanotubes of 400–450 nm forming high-quality LTO/N-C nanotube arrays with high electrical conductivity and large porosity. Due to the unique composite nanotube array architecture, the designed LTO/N-C nanotube arrays exhibit noticeable high-rate performance with a higher specific capacity (153 mA h g−1 at 5C), and better cycling performance (130 mA h g−1 at 40C after 1600 cycles) than the unmodified LTO nanotube arrays. The synergistic combination of the nanotube structure and N-C coating is favorable for fast ion/electron transfer, leading to reinforced high-rate Li ion storage. Our work reveals a new way for the synthesis of advanced electrodes for application in high-power LIBs.

Graphical abstract: Rational synthesis of Li4Ti5O12/N-C nanotube arrays as advanced high-rate electrodes for lithium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jan 2018, accepted on 08 Feb 2018 and first published on 10 Feb 2018


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00312B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    Rational synthesis of Li4Ti5O12/N-C nanotube arrays as advanced high-rate electrodes for lithium-ion batteries

    J. Liu, A. X. Wei, M. Chen and X. Xia, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00312B

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