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Issue 15, 2018
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Interface-rich mixed P2 + T phase NaxCo0.1Mn0.9O2 (0.44 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) toward fast and high capacity sodium storage

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Abstract

In this work, we report a novel design of mixed P2 + T phase NaxCo0.1Mn0.9O2 (0.44 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) with interface rich characteristics for high performance sodium storage, whereby the tunneled T phase offers fast Na ion diffusivity and excellent structural stability, the layered P2 phase contributes to high specific capacity, and the P2 + T phase interface offers additional channels and active sites for charge transfer and excess charge storage. Consequently, the as-prepared NaxCo0.1Mn0.9O2 (0.44 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) demonstrates an excellent discharge capacity of 219 mA h g−1 at a current rate of 0.1C (1C = 176 mA g−1), and retains 117 mA h g−1 even at a high rate of 5C. This outstanding performance is significantly superior to that of pure T-type Na0.44Co0.1Mn0.9O2 and P2-type Na0.7Co0.1Mn0.9O2, and also outperforms state-of-the-art manganese-based cathodes. The kinetic analysis indicates the drastically improved Na+ diffusion coefficient of the P2 + T phase, which is 6 and 200 times that of the pure T and P phases, respectively. The good reversibility and structural stability is evidenced through an ex situ XRD study.

Graphical abstract: Interface-rich mixed P2 + T phase NaxCo0.1Mn0.9O2 (0.44 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) toward fast and high capacity sodium storage

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jan 2018, accepted on 12 Mar 2018 and first published on 12 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00206A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 6675-6684
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    Interface-rich mixed P2 + T phase NaxCo0.1Mn0.9O2 (0.44 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) toward fast and high capacity sodium storage

    G. Gao, D. Tie, H. Ma, H. Yu, S. Shi, B. Wang, S. Xu, L. Wang and Y. Zhao, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 6675
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00206A

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