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Issue 23, 2018
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An efficient hierarchical nanostructured Pr6O11 electrode for solid oxide fuel cells

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Abstract

A hierarchical nanostructured Pr6O11 phase, a potential electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction, is prepared for the first time by electrostatic spray deposition (ESD) on a GDC (Ce0.9Gd0.1O2 − δ) electrolyte and evaluated as an Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell cathode. Different and innovative microstructures are found to be related to the solvent composition, deposition time, nozzle to substrate distance, substrate temperature and solution flow rate. Single phase Pr6O11 films crystallize in a Fm[3 with combining macron]m fluorite cubic structure after calcination at 700 °C for 2 h in air. The electrochemical properties are found to be strongly dependent on the microstructure of the cathode films. A symmetrical cell based on the double layer architecture (a columnar-type active layer by ESD topped by a screen-printed current collector) cathode presents a low polarization resistance value of 0.02 Ω cm2 at 600 °C. To the best of our knowledge, this Pr6O11 cathode shows the best performance reported to date for all SOFC cathode materials. A single cell made of a commercial (Ni-3YSZ/Ni-8YSZ/8YSZ/GDC) half cell and this double layer cathode delivers a maximum power density of 500 mW cm−2 at 700 °C. Moreover, Pr6O11 does not show any reactivity with GDC over 10 days in air at 800 °C.

Graphical abstract: An efficient hierarchical nanostructured Pr6O11 electrode for solid oxide fuel cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Jan 2018, accepted on 06 May 2018 and first published on 08 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00190A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 10787-10802
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    An efficient hierarchical nanostructured Pr6O11 electrode for solid oxide fuel cells

    R. K. Sharma and E. Djurado, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 10787
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00190A

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