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Issue 14, 2018
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Patching defects in the active layer of large-area organic solar cells

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Abstract

Large area fabrication of organic solar cells is critical to achieve sufficient energy for power applications. However, large-area organic solar cells still suffer from low production yields because their thin active layer (100–300 nm) is prone to form leakage current when film defects exist in the active layer. In this study, we proposed a novel strategy to patch the defects to suppress the leakage current and improve the device yield of large-area organic solar cells. The defects in the active layers have been patched by coating an insulating polymer using a Maobi tool that has the advantage of patterning and ink holding. Insulating polymers including polyethylenimine (PEI), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) have been used to patch the defects. Electrical insulativity, solution processability, solvent orthogonality to the active layer, good wetting on the active layer, and chemical inactivity with the active layer and interfacial layer are important properties for a good candidate used for patching the defects. The patching strategy is applicable to both fullerene-based and non-fullerene-based solar cells and can effectively restore the photovoltaic properties of the active layers with defects. Finally, we have demonstrated the construction of large-area (up to 52 cm2) monolithic none-fullerene organic solar cells with the assistance of the proposed patching strategy.

Graphical abstract: Patching defects in the active layer of large-area organic solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Dec 2017, accepted on 27 Feb 2018 and first published on 28 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA11264E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 5817-5824
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    Patching defects in the active layer of large-area organic solar cells

    L. Mao, L. Sun, B. Luo, Y. Jiang and Y. Zhou, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 5817
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA11264E

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