Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 14, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction

Author affiliations

Abstract

To enhance the electrocatalytic performance of the formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR), structurally ordered face-centered tetragonal (fct) Pt–Co–Ni/C intermetallic nanoparticles were synthesized via an impregnation reduction method, followed by post heat-treatment. It was found that an ordered intermetallic PtCo phase prevails rather than PtNi as the principal part for the ternary Pt–Co–Ni alloy after being annealed at high temperature, namely, Ni atoms merely serve as the substitute for Co in the lattice of Pt–Co–Ni intermetallics possessing the same atomic stack as PtCo intermetallics. In addition, there is a limitation for Ni to replace Co for the intermetallic PtCo phase, otherwise, most likely excessive Ni would replace the Pt atoms and damage the atomically ordered structure. Benefiting from the ordered structural features and rational introduction of the third transition metal to modify the distance between Pt and Pt atoms, the Pt–Co–Ni/C ordered intermetallic nanoparticles exhibit an enhancement in catalytic activity for the FAOR compared with Pt/C, the PtNi/C alloy and ordered intermetallic PtCo/C nanoparticles. Furthermore, the presence of Ni in the ordered intermetallic Pt–Co–Ni/C catalyst leads to a noticeable improvement in durability compared with the ordered intermetallic PtCo/C catalyst. The present work reveals opportunities for the rational design of ternary electrocatalysts with enhanced catalytic performance for fuel cell applications.

Graphical abstract: Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 18 Dec 2017, accepted on 25 Feb 2018 and first published on 27 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA11051K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 5848-5855
  •   Request permissions

    Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction

    L. Chen, J. Zhu, C. Xuan, W. Xiao, K. Xia, W. Xia, C. Lai, H. L. Xin and D. Wang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 5848
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA11051K

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements