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A thermally crosslinked multiblock sulfonated poly(arylene ether ketone nitrile) copolymer with a 1,2,3-triazole pendant for proton conducting membranes

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Abstract

A novel concept for the molecular design of a proton conducting membrane is proposed; this concept simultaneously implements strategies involving multiblock, thermally induced rearrangement and acid–base interaction. The complete synthesis involves oligomeric polycondensation, followed by the introduction of a 1,2,3-triazole side-chain via a click reaction, sulfonation and intermolecular dimerization, to generate a mechanically robust and chemically stable polymer membrane. The results of characterization demonstrate significant microphase separation of the crosslinked membrane due to morphological transformation, and that the presence of a large amount of weak-base pendants contributes to the enhancement of ion conductivity over the entire relative humidity range (30–95%). Moreover, it also generates power outputs as high as 1.07, 0.87 and 0.48 W cm−2 at 80 °C under 95%, 70% and 30% relative humidity conditions, respectively, which significantly improve the fuel cell performance by 34–40%, compared to the virgin membrane. In general, the results of this study suggest new synthetic pathways for high-performance ion-exchange membranes.

Graphical abstract: A thermally crosslinked multiblock sulfonated poly(arylene ether ketone nitrile) copolymer with a 1,2,3-triazole pendant for proton conducting membranes

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Nov 2017, accepted on 22 Jan 2018 and first published on 22 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA10290A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    A thermally crosslinked multiblock sulfonated poly(arylene ether ketone nitrile) copolymer with a 1,2,3-triazole pendant for proton conducting membranes

    H. Hu, T. Dong, Y. Sui, N. Li, M. Ueda, L. Wang and X. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA10290A

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