Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 23, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Understanding the surface properties and rheology of a silica suspension mediated by a comb-type poly(acrylic acid)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PAA/PEO) copolymer: effect of salinity

Author affiliations

Abstract

Understanding the surface properties and rheology of colloidal suspensions in the presence of polymer additives with high salinity are of great importance in formulating construction materials and optimizing process conditions in the mining and petroleum industry. In this work, the surface properties and rheology of a model spherical silica aqueous suspension mediated by a comb-type poly(acrylic acid)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PAA/PEO) copolymer at various salt concentrations have been investigated. Adsorption measurements using a Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) align well with zeta potential tests and show that polymer adsorption on silica surfaces is enhanced at high salinity (i.e., 3 M NaCl) than at low salinity (i.e., 1 mM NaCl) due to the suppression of the electrical double layer. Surface Forces Apparatus (SFA) measurements reveal that for interactions between two mica surfaces (the basal plane of which has a similar structure as silica) at a high polymer concentration (e.g., 2 wt%), steric repulsion dominates in 1 mM NaCl while bridging attraction is observed in 3 M NaCl. Surface force measurements agree with rheological results on silica suspensions with 0.5 to 2 wt% of PAA/PEO addition, which shows a significant decrease in yield stress in 1 mM NaCl due to steric repulsion but an insignificant variation in yield stress in 3 M NaCl due to attractive bridging interactions. This work provides useful information regarding the surface properties and rheological properties of comb-type polymer-mediated silica suspensions under different salinity conditions, with implications on designing and processing complex colloidal suspensions with polymer additives for various applications.

Graphical abstract: Understanding the surface properties and rheology of a silica suspension mediated by a comb-type poly(acrylic acid)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PAA/PEO) copolymer: effect of salinity

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 26 Mar 2018, accepted on 12 May 2018 and first published on 14 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00623G
Citation: Soft Matter, 2018,14, 4810-4819
  •   Request permissions

    Understanding the surface properties and rheology of a silica suspension mediated by a comb-type poly(acrylic acid)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PAA/PEO) copolymer: effect of salinity

    D. Yang, B. Yan, L. Xiang, H. Xu, X. Wang and H. Zeng, Soft Matter, 2018, 14, 4810
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00623G

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements