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Issue 13, 2018
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First-principles studies of spontaneous polarization in mixed poly(vinylidene fluoride)/2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene polymer crystals

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Abstract

Spontaneous polarization P of mixed polymer crystals based on β poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF, –CH2–CF2–) and 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (TFP, –CH2–CF(CF3)–) was evaluated for β-PVDF/iso-PTFP, β-PVDF/P(VDF-alt-iso-TFP) and β-PVDF/syndio-PTFP. A plane-wave-based density-functional theory (DFT) approach, combined with the Modern Theory of Polarization formalism utilizing maximally-localized Wannier functions for calculating P, indicates that all systems exhibit similarly high or even slightly larger polarization than that of perfectly crystalline β-PVDF (0.18 C m−2). These properties stem from the substantial dipole moment of the TFP unit, which is estimated to be ∼2.3 D in an isolated chain, but is enhanced to ∼2.8 D in the crystal.

Graphical abstract: First-principles studies of spontaneous polarization in mixed poly(vinylidene fluoride)/2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene polymer crystals

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Feb 2018, accepted on 26 Feb 2018 and first published on 26 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00262B
Citation: Soft Matter, 2018,14, 2484-2491
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    First-principles studies of spontaneous polarization in mixed poly(vinylidene fluoride)/2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene polymer crystals

    A. Ghosh, L. Louis, A. D. Asandei and S. Nakhmanson, Soft Matter, 2018, 14, 2484
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00262B

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