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Issue 5, 2018
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A numerical study of droplet dynamic behaviors on a micro-structured surface using a three dimensional color-gradient lattice Boltzmann model

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Abstract

Inspired by the experimental work of Raj et al. (high-resolution liquid patterns via three-dimensional droplet shape control), in the present study, a three-dimensional multiphase color-gradient lattice Boltzmann model developed previously by some of the authors is used to simulate droplet dynamic behaviors with different surface micro-pillar arrays. To facilitate the present simulation, wetting boundary conditions are used and the accuracy of color gradient prediction at boundary nodes is enhanced. The experimental findings are confirmed and non-circular contact lines are reproduced numerically for the first time. To justify the existing contact angle formula proposed based on the Wenzel model, a systematic parametric study is conducted, based on which the pillar density is redefined to allow for the influence of pillar height, and then it is used to modify the contact angle. In addition, the evolution of the contact line motion for various droplet shapes is investigated systematically, and both circular and non-circular contact characteristics are well-depicted for different surface micro-pillar arrays.

Graphical abstract: A numerical study of droplet dynamic behaviors on a micro-structured surface using a three dimensional color-gradient lattice Boltzmann model

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Oct 2017, accepted on 18 Dec 2017 and first published on 18 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM02078C
Citation: Soft Matter, 2018,14, 837-847
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    A numerical study of droplet dynamic behaviors on a micro-structured surface using a three dimensional color-gradient lattice Boltzmann model

    Z. Cheng, Y. Ba, J. Sun, C. Wang, S. Cai and X. Fu, Soft Matter, 2018, 14, 837
    DOI: 10.1039/C7SM02078C

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