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Issue 5, 2018
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Zinc ion as effective film morphology controller in perovskite solar cells

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Abstract

Over the past several years, organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells have developed rapidly. One of the hot topics with perovskite solar cells is how to achieve a high quality perovskite thin film. A Lewis acid–base adduct is effective for controlling perovskite morphology during the film preparation process. Zinc ion (Zn2+) is a stronger Lewis acid than lead ion (Pb2+) and it has a high ability to coordinate with methylamine groups (CH3NH3+), so it is doped into perovskite precursors to substitute for Pb2+ to influence crystallization during the annealing process. In this work, by adjusting zinc ion's concentration, high quality perovskite films with larger grain sizes and fewer pinholes were obtained. Finally, the average power conversion efficiency (PCE) of solar cells based on optimal concentration reached to 16.3% (with an open circuit voltage of 1.06 V, short circuit current density of 21.98 mA cm−2, and fill factor of 70%), resulting in a 34.7% improvement compared to a pristine one. Our work highlights the metal-ion additive as an effective method to control perovskite film quality.

Graphical abstract: Zinc ion as effective film morphology controller in perovskite solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jan 2018, accepted on 13 Mar 2018 and first published on 26 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00059J
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018,2, 1093-1100
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    Zinc ion as effective film morphology controller in perovskite solar cells

    R. Chen, D. Hou, C. Lu, J. Zhang, P. Liu, H. Tian, Z. Zeng, Q. Xiong, Z. Hu, Y. Zhu and L. Han, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, 2, 1093
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00059J

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