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Issue 5, 2018
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Waste HD-PE plastic, deformation into liquid hydrocarbon fuel using pyrolysis-catalytic cracking with a CuCO3 catalyst

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Abstract

Waste high-density poly(ethylene) (HD-PE) plastic deformation into liquid hydrocarbon fuel using a pyrolysis-catalytic cracking process with a copper carbonate (CuCO3) catalyst, at a temperature range from 23 °C to 390 °C. The pyrolysis-catalytic deformation process will help in environmental purification. The liquid hydrocarbons collected for use as a fuel were analyzed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), two-dimensional gas chromatography/time of flight mass spectrometry (2D-GCxGC/TOFMS), inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analysis, and carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen (CHNS/O) elemental analysis. The 2D-GCxGC/TOFMS results showed that various types of hydrocarbon compounds (aliphatics, aromatics, cyclics olefins, and phenanthrene) were available in the liquid hydrocarbon fuel. The conversion rates in four experiments which converted waste HD-PE plastic into liquid hydrocarbons for use as fuel were 85%, 90%, 94%, 92%, light gases 14.67%, 9.66%, 5.64%, 7.45% and residues 0.33%, 034%, 0.36%, 0.55%. Liquid hydrocarbons as fuel were found to be appropriate for use in petrol and diesel engines and they were found to be a good source of organic compounds/petrochemicals.

Graphical abstract: Waste HD-PE plastic, deformation into liquid hydrocarbon fuel using pyrolysis-catalytic cracking with a CuCO3 catalyst

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jan 2018, accepted on 08 Mar 2018 and first published on 08 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00040A
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018,2, 1057-1068
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    Waste HD-PE plastic, deformation into liquid hydrocarbon fuel using pyrolysis-catalytic cracking with a CuCO3 catalyst

    M. V. Singh, S. Kumar and M. Sarker, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, 2, 1057
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00040A

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