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SnO2 nanorods encapsulated within a 3D interconnected graphene network architecture as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes

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Abstract

SnO2 nanorods (NRs) have been demonstrated as one of the potential candidates for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes due to their unique structural features, high theoretical capacity, natural abundance and low cost of fabrication. However, they still suffer from the problem that their direct exposure to the electrolyte leads to the instability of the SEI layer, causing low coulombic efficiency, high ionic resistance and low electronic conductivity. In this study, SnO2 NRs were synthesized by a hydrothermal method, and then spatially confined within graphene sheets by a facile freeze-drying process. The as-fabricated architecture exhibits a full encapsulation arrangement with graphene sheets interlaced into an interconnected macroporous network, serving not only as a robust framework with accessible space for the electrolyte but also a physical barrier layer to prevent the SnO2 NRs from direct exposure to the electrolyte. Moreover, the SnO2 NRs can function as pillars to prevent the graphene sheets from restacking while preserving the highly robust structure and efficient electron and ion transport channels. Benefiting from the admirable synergistic effect between SnO2 NRs and graphene, the assembled electrode shows excellent cycle performance (1179.2 mA h g−1 after 400 cycles at 1.0 A g−1) and rate capabilities (624.2 mA h g−1 at 8.0 A g−1; 458.4 mA h g−1 at 16.0 A g−1).

Graphical abstract: SnO2 nanorods encapsulated within a 3D interconnected graphene network architecture as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Oct 2017, accepted on 01 Nov 2017 and first published on 01 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00486A
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, Advance Article
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    SnO2 nanorods encapsulated within a 3D interconnected graphene network architecture as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes

    H. Xu, D. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Zhu, T. Zhang, X. Guo, Y. Zhang, Z. Sun and J. Chen, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00486A

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