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Silver bismuth iodides in various compositions as potential Pb-free light absorbers for hybrid solar cells

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Abstract

Polycrystalline silver bismuth iodide (SBI) powders of various compositions (Ag : Bi = 2 : 1–1 : 1 in atomic ratio) were synthesized via a solid-state reaction in an evacuated Pyrex tube. Regardless of the composition of Ag and Bi, Ag2BiI5 in the hexagonal phase was preferentially formed and BiI3 impurity in the rhombohedral phase was formed with the increase of the Bi component. The synthesized SBI powders of various compositions were applied as light absorbers for hybrid solar cells (HSCs), which employ mesoporous TiO2 as the electron transporting layer and pristine spiro-OMeTAD as the hole transporting layer. To deposit light absorber layers, the coating solutions were prepared by dissolving the synthesized SBI powders in DMSO/DMF/HI and spin-coated over the mesoporous TiO2 layer. For the solar cell employing pure Ag2BiI5, a photovoltaic conversion efficiency (PCE) of 1.74% was achieved, whereas the inclusion of the BiI3 impurities in the Ag2BiI5 phase significantly increased the device performance. The highest PCE of 2.31% was achieved with the SBI of Ag : Bi = 55 : 45. Furthermore, the SBI solar cells show no hysteresis in the JV curve measurements and are highly stable under ambient conditions, exhibiting excellent long-term stability at a relative humidity of 50%.

Graphical abstract: Silver bismuth iodides in various compositions as potential Pb-free light absorbers for hybrid solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Oct 2017, accepted on 06 Nov 2017 and first published on 07 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00477J
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, Advance Article
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    Silver bismuth iodides in various compositions as potential Pb-free light absorbers for hybrid solar cells

    K. W. Jung, M. R. Sohn, H. M. Lee, I. S. Yang, S. D. Sung, J. Kim, E. Wei-Guang Diau and W. I. Lee, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00477J

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