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Nontrigonal Constraint Enhances 1,2-Addition Reactivity of Phosphazenes

Abstract

The syntheses and 1,2-addition reactivities of nontrigonal phosphazenes supported by trianionic tricoordinating chelates of the type L3P=Ndipp (3: L3 = N[CHC(tBu)O]23–; 4: L3 = N(o-NMeC6H4)23–; dipp = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl) are reported. These compounds are characterized by multinuclear NMR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments. Distorted phosphazenes 3 and 4 are shown to add B–H, B–O, and Si–H bonds across the formal P=N double bond, and their reactivities are contrasted with acyclic analogues. Derivatives of phosphazene 3 bearing sterically unencumbered N-substitutents readily dimerize to form the corresponding cyclodiphosphazanes; compounds with sterically demanding N-substituents are interconvertible between their monomeric and dimeric forms. The enhanced electrophilicity of the phosphorus center in nontrigonal phosphazenes 3 and 4 is rationalized by DFT calculations. Gas phase fluoride ion affinities are computed to be markedly higher for distorted phosphazenes, while proton affinities are largely unaffected by geometric distortion. These results are interpreted to suggest that distortion from pseudotetrahedral geometry results in stabilization of the P-based LUMO, while HOMO energies are essentially unchanged.

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Feb 2018, accepted on 29 Mar 2018 and first published on 06 Apr 2018


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8SC00929E
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Nontrigonal Constraint Enhances 1,2-Addition Reactivity of Phosphazenes

    Y. Lin, J. C. Gilhula and A. Radosevich, Chem. Sci., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8SC00929E

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