Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Kinetic studies on strand displacement in de novo designed parallel heterodimeric coiled coils

Abstract

Among the protein folding motifs, which are accessible by de novo design, the parallel heterodimeric coiled coil is most frequently used in bioinspired applications and chemical biology in general. This is due to the straightforward sequence-to-structure relationships, which it has in common with all coiled-coil motifs, and the heterospecificity, which allows control of association. Whereas much focus was laid on designing orthogonal coiled coils, systematic studies on controlling association, for instance by strand displacement, are rare. As a contribution to the design of dynamic coiled-coil-based systems, we studied the strand-displacement mechanism in obligate heterodimeric coiled coils to investigate the suitability of the dissociation constants (KD) as parameters for the prediction of the outcome of strand-displacement reactions. We use two sets of heterodimeric coiled coils, the previously reported N-AxBy and the newly characterized C-AxBy. Both comprise KD values in the μM to sub-nM regime. Strand displacement is explored by CD titration and a FRET-based kinetic assay and is proved to be an equilibrium reaction with half-lifes from a few seconds up to minutes. We could fit the displacement data by a competitive binding model, giving rate constants and overall affinities of the underlying association and dissociation reactions. The overall affinities correlate well with the ratios of KD values determined by CD-thermal denaturation experiments and, hence, support the dissociative mechanism of strand displacement in heterodimeric coiled coils. From the results of more than 100 different displacement reactions we are able to classify three categories of overall affinities, which allow for easy prediction of the equilibrium of strand displacement in two competing heterodimeric coiled coils.

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 17 Dec 2017, accepted on 14 Apr 2018 and first published on 17 Apr 2018


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7SC05342H
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Kinetic studies on strand displacement in de novo designed parallel heterodimeric coiled coils

    M. C. Groth, M. Rink, N. F. Meyer and F. Thomas, Chem. Sci., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7SC05342H

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements