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Issue 10, 2018
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Dual-targeting biomimetic delivery for anti-glioma activity via remodeling the tumor microenvironment and directing macrophage-mediated immunotherapy

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Abstract

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the major components in the tumor microenvironment (TME). The polarization from the protumor M2 (TAM2) to antitumor M1 (TAM1) phenotype can not only lift the immunosuppressive constraints and elicit cytotoxic T-cell immunity but also augment the chemotherapy efficacy. However, the treatment feasibility by TAM modulation in brain tumors and the mechanisms remained unknown. A dual-targeting biomimetic codelivery and treatment strategy was developed for anti-glioma activity. We demonstrated that the albumin nanoparticles modified with dual ligands, a transferrin receptor (TfR)-binding peptide T12 and mannose, efficiently passed through the BBB via the nutrient transporters (i.e., TfR and the albumin-binding receptor SPARC) that were both overexpressed in the BBB and glioma cells, thus achieving biomimetic delivery to glioma. Importantly, after penetrating the BBB, this system can take advantage of the overexpression of the SPARC and mannose receptors on TAM2, thus also targeting the protumor TAM2. With the codelivery disulfiram/copper complex and regorafenib, the system efficiently inhibited the glioma cell proliferation and successfully “re-educated” the protumor TAM2 towards antitumor TAM1. The treatment efficacy was examined in the glioma-bearing nude mice and immunocompetent mice. It showed this system yielded an enhanced treatment outcome, owing to the synergistic combination of chemotherapy and macrophage-directed immunotherapy. The importance of this delivery and therapeutic strategy was to remodel the immune microenvironment and reprogram TAM and trigger macrophage-directed anti-glioma immunotherapy via the interplay of the TAM, Treg, and CD8+ T cells and the effector cytokines. The albumin-based biomimetic brain delivery also provides a promising method for the pharmacotherapy of brain diseases.

Graphical abstract: Dual-targeting biomimetic delivery for anti-glioma activity via remodeling the tumor microenvironment and directing macrophage-mediated immunotherapy

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Nov 2017, accepted on 29 Jan 2018 and first published on 31 Jan 2018


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7SC04853J
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2018,9, 2674-2689
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Dual-targeting biomimetic delivery for anti-glioma activity via remodeling the tumor microenvironment and directing macrophage-mediated immunotherapy

    P. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Kang, A. Wu, W. Yin, Y. Tang, J. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Duan and Y. Huang, Chem. Sci., 2018, 9, 2674
    DOI: 10.1039/C7SC04853J

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