Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships

Author affiliations

Abstract

Due to the low volatility and highly oxygenated nature of biomass derived feedstocks, biomass upgrade reactions are frequently conducted in the presence of solvent to improve substrate mass transfer to the catalyst surface. However, relevant catalyst characterization techniques are most often performed in vacuum or inert gas environments, where the effect of solvent on the catalytic sites is ignored. Comparatively, characterization techniques in the presence of solvent are relatively rare, which poses challenges in developing structure–activity relationships for liquid phase reactions. In this perspective, commonly utilized techniques for probing the solid–liquid interface are briefly covered, with a focus on the role of solvent on zeolite and solid acid catalysis. New applications of techniques are proposed, most notably with ATR-FTIR, in the context of extracting thermodynamic information for the further understanding of the role of solvent on broadly applicable catalyst properties, such as acidity, and to develop structure–activity relationships for solid catalysts in solvent.

Graphical abstract: Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 25 Aug 2017, accepted on 16 Nov 2017 and first published on 16 Nov 2017


Article type: Minireview
DOI: 10.1039/C7SC03728G
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2018, Advance Article
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships

    N. S. Gould and B. Xu, Chem. Sci., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7SC03728G

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements