Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Kirigami nanofluidics

Author affiliations

Abstract

Exfoliated thin sheets of layered materials can readily reassemble to form a macroscopic lamellar film containing a massive array of parallel two-dimensional (2D) nanochannels. These 2D nanofluidic channels exhibit enhanced unipolar ionic conductivity with the counterions as the majority charge carriers, thus conceptually become an ionic analogue of extrinsically doped semiconductor wafers. Here we demonstrate “kirigami nanofluidics”, where ionic transport can be manipulated by tailor-cutting the shape of the film. Shapes with an asymmetric source and drain exhibit rectifying ionic currents, which is attributed to the asymmetric concentration polarization zones developed in the two reservoirs. Therefore, the rectification ratio can be continuously tuned simply by adjusting the relative edge sizes of the shape, or even programmed by selecting the number of source and drain branches in multi-armed shapes. Kirigami-made ionic rectifiers and resistors can be conveniently connected together to demonstrate simple AND and OR logic functions. These results demonstrate nanoscale ionic transport can be manipulated by patterning materials at the macroscopic length scale.

Graphical abstract: Kirigami nanofluidics

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 29 Dec 2017, accepted on 19 Jan 2018 and first published on 19 Jan 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7QM00620A
Citation: Mater. Chem. Front., 2018, Advance Article
  •   Request permissions

    Kirigami nanofluidics

    J. Gao, A. R. Koltonow, K. Raidongia, B. Beckerman, N. Boon, E. Luijten, M. Olvera de la Cruz and J. Huang, Mater. Chem. Front., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7QM00620A

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements