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Issue 3, 2018
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Antimony-based materials as promising anodes for rechargeable lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries

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Abstract

Antimony (Sb) shows high conductivity and reactivity not only with lithium ions, but also with sodium ions due to its unique puckered layer structure; also, it can deliver a high theoretical capacity of 660 mA h g−1 by forming Li3Sb or Na3Sb. Compared with graphite, Sb has much higher theoretical capacity and safer reaction potential; moreover, it has a simpler reaction process and smaller volume changes than Si, Ge and Sn. In this study, the recent progress of Sb-based materials including elemental Sb nano-structures, intermetallic Sb alloys and Sb chalcogenides for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries are introduced in detail along with their electrode mechanisms, synthesis, design strategies and electrochemical performance. This review aims to present a full scope of the structures and properties of Sb-based materials and highlight effective strategies to design high performance Sb-based anode materials in the field of rechargeable Li/Na ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Antimony-based materials as promising anodes for rechargeable lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Oct 2017, accepted on 07 Dec 2017 and first published on 12 Dec 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7QM00480J
Citation: Mater. Chem. Front., 2018,2, 437-455
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    Antimony-based materials as promising anodes for rechargeable lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries

    J. He, Y. Wei, T. Zhai and H. Li, Mater. Chem. Front., 2018, 2, 437
    DOI: 10.1039/C7QM00480J

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