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Multifunctional second barrier layers for lithium–sulfur batteries

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Abstract

Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries have become one of the most promising candidates for next-generation energy storage devices due to their high theoretical energy density and cost effectiveness. However, the detrimental shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides during cycling and their deposition on the lithium anode have severely restricted the practical applications of Li–S batteries. Various efforts have been explored in the past few years to hinder the undesirable diffusion and shuttling of lithium polysulfides. The introduction of a second barrier layer has been demonstrated to be a successful approach to restrict the migration of polysulfides and fabricate high-performance Li–S batteries with enhanced cycling and rate performance. A comprehensive review of recent efforts regarding second barrier layers applied in Li–S batteries, either being an individual interlayer, a thin coating on the separator, or an integrated structure, is presented and discussed. Individual interlayers made by porous carbon, carbon/metal compounds and conductive polymers between the separator and the sulfur cathode as well as functionalized polyolefin and non-polyolefin based separators have been proposed. In addition, some advanced examples of interlayers with novel sandwiched/integrated configurations for Li–S batteries, which can not only enable a suppressed shuttle effect but also achieve enhanced energy density, are also reviewed.

Graphical abstract: Multifunctional second barrier layers for lithium–sulfur batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Sep 2017, accepted on 13 Nov 2017 and first published on 14 Nov 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7QM00405B
Citation: Mater. Chem. Front., 2018, Advance Article
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    Multifunctional second barrier layers for lithium–sulfur batteries

    W. Fan, L. Zhang and T. Liu, Mater. Chem. Front., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7QM00405B

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