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Issue 5, 2018
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Facile fabrication of CuS microflower as a highly durable sodium-ion battery anode

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Abstract

Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) have been considered as the promising substitutes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) due to abundant resources of sodium. Metal sulfides have been demonstrated as prospective anode materials for SIBs based on a conversion mechanism. However, insufficient ionic transport and low conductivity in discharge electrodes prohibit their practical application. Herein, novel CuS microflowers were prepared by a facile dealloying method and applied as anode for SIBs. The microflowers are composed of nanosheets, which can provide increased Na+ diffusion admittance and more inter-space volume to accommodate volumetric change. When applied as anode in SIBs, the CuS microflowers-based anode delivered high discharge capacity (325.6 mA h g−1 at 0.1 A g−1) and excellent rate performance. The anode also displayed ultra-stable cycle performance and almost no capacity decay even after 5000 cycles (at a current density of 5 A g−1). Ex situ XRD was carried out to disclose the sodium ion storage mechanism. The CuS microflowers-based anode first experienced intercalation and then conversion mechanism with successive sodiation processes, while the reverse was observed for the charging process. The superior electrochemical performance is associated with the nano-micro structure and the controlled reaction mechanism. The current study states briefly that the simple and efficient dealloying method will provide more choices for fabricating anodes for SIBs.

Graphical abstract: Facile fabrication of CuS microflower as a highly durable sodium-ion battery anode

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Feb 2018, accepted on 09 Mar 2018 and first published on 12 Mar 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8QI00117K
Citation: Inorg. Chem. Front., 2018,5, 1045-1052
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    Facile fabrication of CuS microflower as a highly durable sodium-ion battery anode

    C. An, Y. Ni, Z. Wang, X. Li and X. Liu, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2018, 5, 1045
    DOI: 10.1039/C8QI00117K

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