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Sulfur–hydrazine hydrate-based chemical synthesis of sulfur@graphene composite for lithium–sulfur batteries

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Abstract

Although the melt-diffusion method was applied to fabricate sulfur-based cathode for lithium–sulfur batteries, more efforts should be devoted to the development of synthetic methodology of sulfur-based hybrids. Herein, we report a sulfur–hydrazine hydrate chemistry-based method to prepare the composite of sulfur and N-doped reduced graphene oxide (S@N-rGO) with 76% sulfur content. Relying on the reaction of sulfur and hydrazine hydrate, cyclo-sulfur was broken to form soluble polysulfides. The subsequent refluxing with GO suspension rendered the transformation of soluble polysulfides to sulfur crystal homogeneously deposited on N-rGO due to direct nucleation from solution. Simultaneously, the nitrogen doping of GO was realized with hydrazine hydrate as doping agent in the one-pot route. The as-obtained S@N-rGO composite displayed a good rate capability and excellent capacity stability up to 300 cycles. This study may provide a new and facile method to construct the composite of sulfur and N-doped carbonaceous matrix, which makes the hybrid a competitive cathode material for lithium–sulfur batteries (LSBs).

Graphical abstract: Sulfur–hydrazine hydrate-based chemical synthesis of sulfur@graphene composite for lithium–sulfur batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Nov 2017, accepted on 30 Dec 2017 and first published on 02 Jan 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7QI00726D
Citation: Inorg. Chem. Front., 2018, Advance Article
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    Sulfur–hydrazine hydrate-based chemical synthesis of sulfur@graphene composite for lithium–sulfur batteries

    J. Han, B. Xi, Z. Feng, X. Ma, J. Zhang, S. Xiong and Y. Qian, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7QI00726D

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