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Ethylene/propylene copolymerization catalyzed by half-titanocenes containing monodentate anionic nitrogen ligands: effect of ligands on catalytic behaviour and structure of copolymers

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Abstract

Various half-titanocenes containing monodentate anionic nitrogen ligands, CpTiCl2[3-C6H5(CH2N)(CH2O)C[double bond, length as m-dash]N] (T1), CpTiCl2[(C6H5O)(NiPr2)C[double bond, length as m-dash]N] (T2), CpTiCl2[1,3-(4-MeC6H4)(CH2N)2C[double bond, length as m-dash]N] (T3), CpTiCl2[1,3-(2,4,6-Me3C6H2)(CH2N)2C[double bond, length as m-dash]N] (T4), CpTiCl2[1,3-(2,6-iPr2C6H3)(CH2N)2C[double bond, length as m-dash]N] (T5) and CpTiCl[1,3-(2,6-iPr2C6H3)(CH2N)2C[double bond, length as m-dash]N][CH3(CH2)3CH(C2H5)COO] (T6), were synthesized and characterized. The molecular structures of T1, T2 and T5 were determined by X-ray crystallography. All the above half-titanocenes were employed as precatalysts for ethylene/propylene copolymerization after activation by methylaluminoxane (MAO) or modified MAO (MMAO). The catalytic activity and propylene incorporation into copolymers increased in the order of T1 < T2 < T3 < T4 < T5, which is attributed to the electron donating nature of the ligands. The half-titanocene containing the 2-ethylhexanoate ligand (T6) has good solubility in hexanes. An ethylene–propylene copolymer with high molecular weight (Mw = 530 kg mol−1) could be obtained by the T6/MMAO catalytic system. The ethylene/propylene copolymerization catalyzed by the T6/TIBA/MMAO catalytic system was more controllable than that by the T5/MAO catalytic system. Importantly, both the T5/MAO and T6/TIBA/MMAO catalytic systems displayed a high catalytic activity of 2.4 × 106 and 2.2 × 106 g polymer per mol of Ti per h, respectively, even at a low Al/Ti molar ratio (Al/Ti = 300). All the values of rE × rP (rE: reactivity ratio for ethylene; rP: reactivity ratio for propylene) were around 0.9 in the copolymerization catalyzed by T2, T4, T5 and T6, indicating that nearly random ethylene–propylene copolymers could be prepared. Compared to the T5/MAO catalytic system, ethylene–propylene copolymers with higher molecular weight (Mw = 381 kg mol−1) and higher propylene incorporation (43.6 mol%) could be produced by using the T6/TIBA/MMAO (TIBA/Ti = 50) system with a similar catalytic activity.

Graphical abstract: Ethylene/propylene copolymerization catalyzed by half-titanocenes containing monodentate anionic nitrogen ligands: effect of ligands on catalytic behaviour and structure of copolymers

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Oct 2017, accepted on 25 Nov 2017 and first published on 04 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7PY01807J
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    Ethylene/propylene copolymerization catalyzed by half-titanocenes containing monodentate anionic nitrogen ligands: effect of ligands on catalytic behaviour and structure of copolymers

    Z. Zhang, J. Qu, S. Zhang, Q. Miao and Y. Wu, Polym. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7PY01807J

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