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α-Tocopherol-based cationic amphiphiles with a novel pH sensitive hybrid linker for gene delivery

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Abstract

Endosomal escape is one of the barriers for the efficient liposomal gene delivery. To address this and based on earlier encouraging results using tocopherol cationic lipids, we elaborated chemical modifications on tocopherol cationic lipids by introducing a novel hybrid pH sensitive linker “ether-β-hydroxy-triazole” between tocopherol, the anchoring moiety and the basic tris(2-hydroxy ethyl)quaternary ammonium head group (Lp2). As control lipids we designed two lipids (Lp1 and Lp3), one is with only the ether-β-hydroxy linker in between α-tocopherol and quaternary tris(2-hydroxyethyl)ammonium (Lp1) and the other is with the same novel hybrid linker i.e. “ether-β-hydroxy-triazole” between the α-tocopherol linked and quaternary tris-ethyl ammonium head group (Lp3). Liposomes were formulated with a combination of a well-known co-lipid, 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) and biophysical characteristics such as DNA binding, hydrodynamic diameters and global surface charges for liposomes and lipoplexes of respective lipids were evaluated. Cell viability assay and in vitro transfection studies were carried out in NIH3 T3, B16F10, HEK-293, and HepG2 cell lines. In vitro transfection data for the liposomes of lipids (Lp1, Lp2 and Lp3) revealed that the Lp2 lipid with a novel hybrid pH sensitive linker showed superior transfection efficiency when compared with the remaining two analogues. More importantly, Lp2 has shown a similar pattern of transfection efficiency in HepG2 and HEK-293 cell lines when compared with commercially available Lipofectamine 3000.

Graphical abstract: α-Tocopherol-based cationic amphiphiles with a novel pH sensitive hybrid linker for gene delivery

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Feb 2018, accepted on 20 Mar 2018 and first published on 22 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8OB00276B
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    α-Tocopherol-based cationic amphiphiles with a novel pH sensitive hybrid linker for gene delivery

    V. Muripiti, H. K. Rachamalla, R. Banerjee and Srilakshmi. V. Patri, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8OB00276B

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