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Nanopore based detection of Bacillus thuringiensis HD-73 spores using aptamers and versatile DNA hairpins

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Abstract

A versatile nanopore sensing platform to detect any aptamer using nanopores by designing DNA hairpins that are complementary to the aptamer is described. This platform can detect the presence of aptamer binding targets regardless of their size, which has been a major hurdle for nanopore detection systems. Moreover, the signal-to-noise ratio is increased by eliminating most of the unwanted substances from the sample via simple sample preparation steps. To detect Bacillus thuringiensis HD-73 spores using this sensing platform, DNA hairpins complementary to the target-specific aptamers were designed, and the hairpins were characterized using alpha-hemolysin nanopores after the reaction of spores and aptamers and subsequent reaction with the complementary DNA hairpins. The platform exhibited a detection limit as low as 1.2 × 101 CFU mL−1 and was compatible with a wide range of spore concentrations from 1.2 × 101 CFU mL−1 to 1.2 × 106 CFU mL−1 while it is still expandable to higher spore concentrations.

Graphical abstract: Nanopore based detection of Bacillus thuringiensis HD-73 spores using aptamers and versatile DNA hairpins

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Apr 2018, accepted on 06 Jun 2018 and first published on 06 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03168A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    Nanopore based detection of Bacillus thuringiensis HD-73 spores using aptamers and versatile DNA hairpins

    J. Park, M. Lim, H. Ryu, J. Shim, S. M. Kim, Y. Kim and T. Jeon, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03168A

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