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Three-dimensional porous microspheres comprising hollow Fe2O3 nanorods/CNT building blocks with superior electrochemical performance for lithium ion batteries

Abstract

It is highly desirable to develop anode materials with rational architectures for lithium ion batteries to achieve high-performance electrochemical properties. In this study, three-dimensional porous composite microspheres comprising hollow Fe2O3 nanorods/carbon nanotube (CNT) building blocks are successfully constructed by direct deposition and further thermal transformation of beta-FeOOH nanorods on CNT porous microspheres. The CNT porous microsphere, which is prepared by a spray pyrolysis, provides ample sites for the direct growth of beta-FeOOH nanorods. During the further oxidation process, the beta-FeOOH nanorods are transformed into hollow Fe2O3 nanorods as a result of dehydroxylation and lattice shrinkage, resulting in the formation of the hollow Fe2O3 nanorods/CNT porous microspheres. Such a hierarchical structure of composite microspheres not only facilitates electrolyte accessibility but also offers conductive networks for electrons during electrochemical reactions. Accordingly, the electrodes exhibit a high discharge capacity of 1307 mA h g−1 after 300 cycles at a current density of 1 A g−1; this is associated with an excellent capacity retention of 84%, which is calculated from the initial cycle. In addition, the composite delivers a discharge capacity of 703 mA h g−1 at a current density of 15 A g−1.

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Apr 2018, accepted on 13 May 2018 and first published on 14 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02686F
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Three-dimensional porous microspheres comprising hollow Fe2O3 nanorods/CNT building blocks with superior electrochemical performance for lithium ion batteries

    S. Park, G. D. Park and Y. C. Kang, Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02686F

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