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Single-electron transport through stabilised silicon nanocrystals

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Abstract

We have fabricated organically capped stable luminescent silicon nanocrystals with narrow size distribution by a novel, high yield and easy to implement technique. We demonstrate transport measurements of individual silicon nanocrystals by scanning tunnelling microscopy at a low temperature in a double-barrier tunnel junction arrangement in which we observed pronounced single electron tunnelling effects. The tunnelling spectroscopy of these nanocrystals with different diameters reveals quantum confinement induced bandgap modifications. Furthermore, from the features in the tunnelling spectra, we differentiate several energy contributions arising from electronic interactions inside the nanocrystal. By applying a magnetic field, we have detected a variation in the differential conductance profile that we attribute to arising from higher order tunnelling processes. We have also systematically simulated our experimental data with the Orthodox theory, and the results show good agreement with the experiment. The study establishes a correlation between the nanocrystal size and quantum confinement induced band-structure modifications which will pave the way to devise tailored nanocrystals.

Graphical abstract: Single-electron transport through stabilised silicon nanocrystals

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Feb 2018, accepted on 20 Apr 2018 and first published on 20 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR01552J
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    Single-electron transport through stabilised silicon nanocrystals

    T. S. Basu, S. Diesch and E. Scheer, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR01552J

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