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Self-assembly of affinity-controlled nanoparticles via host–guest interactions for drug delivery

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Abstract

There has been increasing interest in constructing affinity-based drug delivery systems via different non-covalent interactions. Herein we report a host–guest interaction-based strategy to develop effective drug delivery systems using cyclodextrin-containing copolymers. Hydrophilic copolymers with one polyethylene glycol block and another block containing either α-cyclodextrin or β-cyclodextrin were synthesized. Using poly(β-benzyl L-aspartate) and pyrene as model guest compounds, we demonstrated the nanoparticle formation by host–guest interaction-mediated self-assembly. When an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory drug Tempol was used, the formation of well-defined spherical nanoparticles and therapeutic loading can be simultaneously realized. The obtained nanotherapy showed affinity-controlled drug release. In vitro cell culture experiments suggested that the host–guest nanotherapy exhibited desirable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in macrophages. In a mouse model of an inflammatory disease ulcerative colitis, the orally administered host–guest nanoparticle can be effectively accumulated in the inflamed colonic tissue. Oral treatment of mice bearing colitis with the nanotherapy led to significantly improved efficacy in comparison with free drugs. A good in vivo safety profile was also observed for the developed host–guest nanotherapy. Accordingly, these types of affinity nanoparticles based on CD-containing copolymers can function as effective nanoplatforms for targeted treatment of a plethora of diseases.

Graphical abstract: Self-assembly of affinity-controlled nanoparticles via host–guest interactions for drug delivery

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Feb 2018, accepted on 26 Mar 2018 and first published on 28 Mar 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR01518J
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    Self-assembly of affinity-controlled nanoparticles via host–guest interactions for drug delivery

    F. Xue, Y. Wang, Q. Zhang, S. Han, F. Zhang, T. Jin, C. Li, H. Hu and J. Zhang, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR01518J

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