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Degradation of Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructures during lithiation and delithiation at 0.8 and 20 A g−1

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Abstract

Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructures have been expected to provide high energy and power densities for lithium ion battery anodes due to the large capacity of Si and the high electrical and ionic conductivities of Ge. Although the battery anode performances of Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructures have been characterized, the degradation of Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructures has not been thoroughly investigated. Here we report the compositional and structural changes of the Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructure over cycling of lithiation and delithiation at different charging rates. The Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructure holds the core and shell structure at a charging rate of 0.8 A g−1 up to 50 cycles. On the other hand, compositional intermixing and loss of Si occur at a charging rate of 20 A g−1 within 50 cycles. The operation condition-dependent degradation provides a new aspect of materials research for the development of high performance lithium ion battery anodes with a long cycle life.

Graphical abstract: Degradation of Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructures during lithiation and delithiation at 0.8 and 20 A g−1

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jan 2018, accepted on 28 Mar 2018 and first published on 28 Mar 2018


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR00865E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    Degradation of Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructures during lithiation and delithiation at 0.8 and 20 A g−1

    D. Kim, N. Li, C. J. Sheehan and J. Yoo, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR00865E

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